Introduction I went to Norway in the summer of 1904 to familiarize myself with the work in modifying topographic forms that the largest ice sheet in Europe is doing. This is the Jostedalsbrae, the word brae meaning any permanent sheet of snow or ice, moving or stagnant, level or inclined. I t has an area of 360 square miles, and lies between the heads of Northfiord and Sognefiord, distant from the Atlantic 60 and 90 miles respectively by those fiords, at an elevation of about one mile above them. I visited this ice sheet by the Northfiord because the Olden and Loen lakes at its head lie close under the edge of the ice, though themselves only 150 feet above the sea, amid scenery that Eichter has called the most characteristic in Norway.
I did not find the Northfiord the steep-sided canyon that I expected. The country about it is . . .
- Received 19 September 1907.
- © 1907 Geological Society of America