The correlation of the Castine Volcanics, the Thorofare Andesite–Vinalhaven Rhyolite sequence, and the Cranberry Island Series of Shaler (1889), suggested by their similar lithologies, appearance, and structural histories, is supported by the results of Rb-Sr whole-rock isotopic analyses and by the faunal assemblages from old and new fossil localities in the Castine Volcanics, Ames Knob Formation, and Thorofare Andesite. The volcanic rocks are partly Late Silurian, but mostly Early Devonian in age and yield an average radiogenic age of 390 ± 5 m.y. The use of calcite-bearing volcanic samples for whole-rock Rb-Sr dating degrades the method by greatly increasing the uncertainty of the isochron and initial Sr87/Sr86. Lower to Middle Devonian granitic plutons have initial ratios of Sr87 and Sr86 similar to those in the volcanic formations. The Castine Volcanics and the Lower Devonian granite of Sedgwick may be comagmatic, but the time interval between the extrusion of the Vinalhaven Rhyolite and its intrusion by the Middle Devonian granite of Vinalhaven Island is too long to support the comagmatic hypothesis.
- Geological Society of America